Corruption can be found both at the micro and macro level in the education sector in Ghana. Teacher absenteeism is one of the most serious forms of education corruption because it appears to be pervasive, it has a lasting effect on students, and it constitutes a large burden on the education budgets.
First of all, the policy relating to recruitment, promotion, and transfer of teachers in the education system is yet to meet its proper implementation and thus, the human resource management in education is not well organized in Ghana-Most IPPD coordinators cannot help employers when they face the payment of salary problems. With this, the teacher will have to pass backdoor and pay huge sums of money before things work out. Teachers are always afraid regarding their appointment and transfers. Sometimes teachers pay bribes for their posting and transfers. GES staffs and other members of the teacher unions also attempt to influence decision-making regarding the recruitment and transfer of teachers.
Dear Reader, you can highly attest to the fact that the moral and ethical commitment of teachers has gradually decreased over the years due to political interference and corruption. Additionally, examination malpractices not only make the students lazy and corrupt but also suppress their talent. Students use bribes, nepotism, political influence, even threat to use unfair means in examinations and get degrees. Practical exams and internal assessment is a big façade and fraud in our evaluation system. Evaluation though as such is the most neglected and the least efficient part of our already inefficient education system.
Let’s not forget about our scholarship system in Ghana suffers highly from corruption and fake nominees. There are numerous cases of this nature leading to widespread corruption in distribution of student’s scholarships.
Why fight against Corruption in our education system?
No public sector reform aiming at improving governance and limiting corruption can obtain significant results as long as the problem of corruption in education is not dully recognized and suitably addressed. However, education has multiplier effects in social, political, and economic terms. The education sector is one of the largest public sectors in Ghana therefore corruption in this sector means wastage of large but scarce national resources. The aim of education is to produce good citizens who are respect law, human rights, and fairness. Lack of integrity and unethical behavior within the education sector is inconsistent with this aim.
Education is generally perceived as a tool for fighting corruption. But if its acquisition and delivery are wrought with corruption it cannot be expected to deliver what it is supposed to deliver. Corruption also affects the supply and quality of education. Corruption limits access to education leads to ethnic and religious oppression in the education system. Poor quality education becomes a breeding ground for even more corruption in society. Corruption may lead to the extortion of sexual favors by teachers. Corruption in education may lead to the undermining of an entire generation’s core values regarding accountability, personal responsibility, and integrity.